Evolution
Autonomy
And then in time and space there emerged through the ongoing universal processes of being and becoming, upon the planet that they would come to call earth, complex bio structures that could support functional levels that permitted the perception and realization of autonomy. These bio structures, that now call themselves humans, were initially dependent on their environment for their survival through hunting and through gathering edible plants, roots, nuts, fruits and eggs.

They roamed the ancient forests in groups which made up the first form of human civilization.
Cave Settlements
The first expression of this autonomy was seen in their use of tools and in their seeking shelter from the elements within natural cave formations close to water. These first cave settlements were founded by females who sought fixed abodes where they could bear and rear their offspring.

They were joined by the old, inform, sick and young while the males continued their lives of wondering, stopping at female governed cave settlements when they happened upon them, to share the spoils of their hunt and to impregnate the females.
Mobile Shelters
In time the females developed agriculture and animal husbandry and responded to the need for more caves by developing mobile shelters that could be set up along river beds at suitably sheltered locations. These were the first huts that would enable the later construction of villages.
The Village
With the setting up of villages came also the domestication of the males who were gradually weaned off their hunting and engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. Issues of land usage and paternity arose and systems of managing them were designed and the first patriarchal systems began to emerge.
The Town
Surplus and the patriarchal system of governance generated systems of human, animal and wind powered transportation, exchange and commerce, centered around large permanent settlements that were known as towns.
Industrialization
The setting up of the first large scale production systems and the manufacturing of commodities led to the consumption of fossil fuels and the beginnings of large concentrations of humans that would consolidate to form cities.
The Dominant Dualistic Perceptual Paradigm
The construction of modern cities rested upon the perception of themselves as autonomous entities created and placed within a world of discrete objects created in time and space by a creator or creators which would come to an end in time and space as well and that they are free to exploit their universal environment as they desire with no consideration for the impact of their interactions.
Non Dual Perceptual Paradigm
As cities developed into megalopolis and technologies underlying industrialization increased in complexity and sophistication and as the human population rapidly grew along with human awareness, grave issues such as Rapid Resource Depletion (RRD), Pollution and Global Climate Change (P&GCC), Global Monetary Crisis (GMC) and the incredibility of the Growth Model of Development (GMD) began to emerge along with the strengthening of an emergent perception of themselves as being among a myriad perceptual mechanisms generated by a chaotic, relative and stochastic process of which they are a part, in order to perceive and realize the possible pathways of its own becoming.